Fat Removal Surgery (Liposuction – Liposculpture)
Liposculpture is a safe and effective way to reduce or remove fat distribution and deposition from specific body parts
|Duration||30 min to 3 hours|
|Anaesthesia||General anaesthetic or Local anaesthetic with sedation|
|Hospital Stay||Day case but can stay overnight if preferred|
|Final Result||4 to 6 months|
Liposuction, also known as liposculpture, is a technique for removing fat from various parts of the body, such as buttocks, flanks, thighs, upper limbs, abdomen, knees and areas close to ankle. Also, lipomas in different areas of the body can be treated by liposuction. Finally, in men, gynaecomastia is treated with liposuction, with excellent results.
Before we start trying to dissolve fat, we put large amounts of a solution of normal saline with adrenaline and a local anesthetic in the area of treatment. The aim is to remove as much fat as possible in a uniform way. Then a narrow metal tube enters through a small incision, in the area where there is fat deposition. This is a cannula that is connected to a suction device. Before we start aspiration, the cannula moves back and forth from the doctor to dissolve the fat and facilitate aspiration.
As a result of the procedure, you will have small scars (0.5 cm) at the points where the cannula will enter. Most of the time these scars fade completely after a few months.
What needs to be understood is that liposuction is not a cure for obesity. Also, in some cases, the skin is elastic and loose, and after liposuction it may get worse. Thus, skin removal may be needed in the same or as second stage surgery, which is more likely to occur in areas such as the abdomen, buttocks and chin/neck.
Is there a particular preparation for surgery?
You should avoid aspirin and anti-inflammatory drugs for one week before surgery. In case of anemia, take iron pills. In some women, the doctor may ask to stop the contraceptive pill if he thinks is necessary.
What kind of anaesthesia is required?
The procedure is usually done under general anesthesia or sedation, as a day care surgery. Epidural anesthesia is possible if we only operate the lower part of the body. Local anesthesia is only possible if the area is small.
Is it a painful procedure?
You have to expect bruising and swelling that can lead to a small local discomfort or pain (as if we have been doing an intense exercise) treated with analgesics. It can take up to 2 weeks to get back to normal, while swelling can take up to 3-4 months. A narrow corset is usually necessary for the first 3 months.
How long will it take to recover?
If surgery involves a small area, you can return to work after 1 day, but if the liposuction site involves large areas you may need 5-7 days. You are allowed to sunbathe if you wish, but remember that bruises may take about 2-3 weeks to settle and the final result will be apparent in 3-6 months.